Preparing and Using Herbs

If not using proprietary tablets these general instructions should help you use the herbs mentioned in this site or elsewhere. Prepare the herbs as below and give to your companion twice daily for a week unless specifically instructed otherwise.
Oral medications

Infusions: Take one teaspoon of dried herb or a tablespoon of fresh chopped herb and add to a cup (approx. 250ml) full of boiling water. Cover and allow to steep for 15-20 minutes. Then strain through a fine sieve or cheesecloth. Give 1 teaspoon per 10kg bodyweight of this infusion two to three times daily. Decoctions This is used to prepare many roots and barks into a medicine. Add a teaspoon of the dried herb to a cup of cold water. Bring to the boil and simmer for 15-20 minutes. Strain and use as above. Cold extracts 2 teaspoons of dried herb or 2 tablespoons of fresh are mixed with 250ml of cold water and allowed to stand for 12 hours. The liquid extract is then given in the same dosage two to three times daily. Tinctures These are diluted at the rate of 3 drops in teaspoon of water before being given orally at the same teaspoon per 10 kg rate as above.

External use.

Infusions, decoctions and cold extracts are some times used externally. The same concentrations are used as above but they are usually applied at body temperature using cotton wool or cloths as a sponge. Sometimes hot or cold compresses are more useful or even just immersing the body part into the solution.