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Advice for various Ailments:

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Arthritic Dog cartoon

Arthritis

Arthritis and Joint Problems

Arthritis is a term meaning inflammation of the joints. It is common in older dogs, but often seen in cats and more often missed.
If your companion is showing signs of having difficulties getting up after rest, is limping or looking stiff after his walk he may be suffering from this condition. If the problem comes on suddenly then always take him to your vet. to be checked and have X rays if they are suggested.

Cause and Prevention
The condition is more common in certain larger breeds of dog such as German Shepherds and Labradors in particular those who have suffered from the joint conditions such as Hip dysplasia , Osteochondritis and Subluxating patella (kneecap) when young.
Much can be done to help prevent these conditions by correct feeding of the mother during pregnancy and the pup during its first months of life. You should feed a good natural diet with added Vitamin C given twice daily (around 200mg daily for a small breed pup up to 500mg for a large breed pup. An adult small breed 500mg daily and 1000mg for a large breed and 2000mg for a Great Dane adult, give this amount daily split into 2 or 3 doses)
See our Nutrition section for more advice about diet during pregnancy and puppyhood.

Remember

1. Do not let your companion become overweight. If he is then gradually diet him as explained elsewhere. A crash diet can make things worse.
2. Encourage some exercise but do not overdo things at the weekend; short regular walks about 3-4 times daily are best. Swimming is excellent exercise without excessive strain on the joints
3. Too much red meat and junk food can make arthritis worse.


Treatment

As with all chronic problems get the diet right with a natural diet and plenty of fresh raw vegetables, give 500 to 2000mg of Vitamin C divided into 2 or 3 daily doses and make sure your pet has plenty of Vitamin E at least 100iu per day for a small to medium dog and Vitamins A and D in the form of cod liver oil or similar.

Homeopathic Remedies: (Available from the shop)
Give one dose up to 3 times daily for 5 days to see if the remedy will help. You can then repeat once or twice a day if necessary.

Rhus. tox. 6c this is useful for the animal or person who is stiff getting up first thing, but improves as she continues to move around. The animals just cannot get comfortable and shuffle around. They are usually worse in cold damp weather.
Arnica 6c. Very useful if the pain is due to injury or bruising and to stimulate healing of damaged tissue. This can be given with Rhus tox and Ruta grav as a combined remedy.
Bryonia 6c when pains get worse with exercise rather than easing off this remedy can help. The joints tend to be dry, stiff and crack on moving.
Calc. flour. 9x when there is joint enlargement and distension this can be helpful.
Calc carb 6c Can help the large boned or fat lazier individuals that love to sit near the fire.
Pulsatilla 6c Can be useful for pains that seem to move from one joint to the next on different days. It is particularly good for the timid, affectionate thirstless animal, which fits this remedy in general.
Silica 6x Useful in the dog with inherited problems, which get worse with old age. The pains get worse until there is great stiffness even distortion of the bones. Use this remedy daily for long periods

See also The MacSamuel Combination Remedies

Herbal Remedies:

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) this is particularly good for thin nervy dogs, often with digestive problems as well. Give up to one to 6 teaspoons of the dried herb with the daily ration for long periods depending on size.
Devils Claw: This herb has potent anti-inflammatory properties and is found in many of the herbal combinations used to ease the pain of arthritis. It is especially affective for problems in the hips and back.
Yarrow Again this is found in many herbal combination remedies used to control the discomfort of arthritis. This is available form our shop on this link
Burdock: is a good herb to combine with either of the above herbs, as it will help remove the toxins produced by the arthritic joints.
Feverfew: Is a natural painkiller especially good for hot swollen joints and back pain. Why not grow some in your garden it is also excellent for headaches and migraine.
Garlic: This is particularly good for the heavier pet with pain in the back end, Use a 1-3 cloves a day or if fresh is not available then garlic tablets daily.

Nutritional Support

As with so many chronic problems get the diet right and you will see a big change in reducing symptoms.
Use a natural diet with plenty of fresh grated, or minced raw vegetables, a natural diet will help reduce toxins in the body which may be deposited in joints. Herbs such as burdock will help with this detoxification. Carrot, parsley, beets and celery are particularly useful vegetables.
Along with the basic diet improvements outlined above add of the Vitamin antioxidants C and E (500mg to 2000mg of Vitamin C and 100i.u. to 300i.u. of Vitamin E daily depending on the size of your dog Give this in 2 or 3 divided doses if possible), other antioxidants such Coenzyme Q 10 (2mg per kg) will help many dogs to reduce the inflammation in their joints.
Cod liver or other fish oils will supply Vitamins A and D as well as other factors to reduce inflammation.


Chondrotin Sulphate and Glucosamine Sulphate: These two supplements are often combined in products such as C2Collaplex and Seraquin The response in some dogs is good, others as with a lot of arthritis remedies seem to show little response. Try them for a while either separately or in conjunction with each other.
Perna or Green Lipped Mussel Extract: This New Zealand shell fish is rich in nutrients that can help in many cases of arthritis. We sell this product either on its own or in combination as Arthrotabs and Glycoflex

Acupuncture and Acupressure

This modality can dramatically help many cases of joint pain, it cannot readily be done at home with needles of course but you can help your companion by using acupressure on the points mentioned in that section of the book. Seek a veterinary acupuncturist if you think your friend might benefit from acupuncture they will be able to advise more on acupressure points.

Gem Therapies:

Blue Lace Agate can be worn and may benefit many pets with joint pains
Glaciated Copper has been found to be good for swollen joints and back pain.
Rutilated quartz is another pain relieving crystal especially good for spinal pains.

Magnet Therapies

The relief of joint and muscle pain is the main field of action for this therapy. A simple magnetic collar worn around the neck of many dogs can reduce the pain of arthritis. Try to ensure the magnets cover the jugular vessels for maximal affect. Pulsed magnet therapy is often used after injury to speed healing.

Aromatherapy

A gentle massage with a blend of some of the following oils is soothing for your arthritic pet:

Pine, Thyme, Rosemary, Terebinth, Birch and Juniper mix 5ml of each with 30ml of oil of St John's wort and massage into joints and abdomen up to twice daily if the pain is severe then weekly long term to keep symptoms at bay. A drop of juniper and pine oil can be added to the food for additional efficacy.

Behaviour: Fear

Fear of sudden, loud noise: One of the commonest Fears we see Fireworks and or Thunderstorms can be really scary to dogs and some cats

Prevention:
TTouch: See elsewhere on the site
Pheromones: DAP or Feliway see the shop for more information

Homeopathic Complex Remedies: (MacSamuel™)

These remedies from the MacSamuel ™ Range are available in our shop; more detailed advice in Atjo Westerhuis's book Your Dog and Homeopathy. These 'Tonics' combine 1 or more herbal or homeopathic remedies together to treat specific conditions.

Fright Tonic:

Ingredients:
Diluted extracts of Oat, Passion Flower, Rhododendron and Borax:
Herbal:
Avena sativa Ø
A herbal remedy producing light sedation

Passiflora incarnata Ø
Herbal remedy producing light sedation

Homeopathic:
Rhododendron 3x
Fear of Thunderstorms, rain, gales etc.
Borax 3x

Packaging: 50ml drops 51% alcohol

Dosage: 10 to twenty drops 3 times daily depending on size of animal. may be given for 8 - 12 weeks

Remedy Picture: The remedy matches a fear of loud noise such as thunderstorms, fireworks or traffic. The remedy is reportedly particularly useful in older dogs which are more often sensitive and easily frightened by such noise of example because of poor eyesight.
It can be given during the weeks leading up to bonfire night or during a desensitisation programme for noise anxiety using CDs.
It is, in most cases, inadequate to start during the day of a firework display. If you have left it too late we have had success with a higher potency combination of Aconite, Borax and Phosphorous for this.

Desensitization: The best long term method using a proper programme using recording of fireworks, gunshots or thunder. See the relevant section of the shop

More Advice on Fear of Fireworks have a look at this site www.fearoffireworks.com


Separation Anxiety


Perhaps a harder problem to solve, the remedy below can help some but it may be as well to take the advice of your vet, TTouch practitioner or behaviourist as your reaction to your pet's anxiety can make things worse
Search the VIN information site linked on the left column for more advice

Solitude Tonic:

These remedies from the MacSamuel ™ Range are available in our shop more detailed advice in Atjo Westerhuis's book Your Dog and Homeopathy. They combine 1 or more herbal or homeopathic remedies together to treat specific conditions.

Ingredients:
Diluted extracts of Diluted extracts of Thorn apple

Homeopathic Remedy: Stramonium 30x

Keynote Symptoms: Fear of being alone, the dark

Packaging: 50ml drops 15% alcohol

Dosage: 5 to 10 drops daily depending on size of animal, may be given for 8 - 12 weeks

Remedy Picture: The constant theme of this remedy is of an insecurity about safety and finding an otherwise familiar environment threatening.
A fear of being alone in particular at night may lead to destructive tendencies urinating or defaecating in the house in the same place each time. It can appear perfectly normal during the day. Other symptoms that point to this medicine are fear of being outside especially in the dark. Reserved suspicious and creeping away. She must repeated become reacquainted with old friends before becoming friendly again with them. This dog can be over attached to his master following him everywhere.
These symptoms may develop after a sudden change in circumstances such as a house move, stay in kennels .
He can sometimes opt for the certainty of attack and may be aggressive. However in very threatening situations like the vet's consulting room they are usually very submissive.

Pulsatilla can help the very sweet submissive dog or cat with her fears

Herbal Remedies

Skullcap and Valerian and similar combinations can be very useful with all anxieties and fears

Bladder

Bladder problems are common, particularly in cats.

Cystitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bladder usually caused by the deposition of stones or crystals in the urine. The symptoms are straining to pass urine, blood in the urine or just an increased frequency of urination.
Bad cases in the male dog or cat in particular can mean a completely blocked urethra, if you see your companion straining to go and failing to pass anything rush him to the vet to have treatment for this serious condition.
The conventional treatment is antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and special diets to alter the urine so deposits do not form. We find antibiotics not usually necessary and the main preventative measure to be diet.

Prevention

Prevention is by feeding a natural diet as mentioned elsewhere along with water without additives such as Fluorine and chlorine.
The worst food appears to be dried food, cats in particular do not drink enough water with this making them prone to bladder problems. Never feed dried food to susceptable Cats. Cereal based foods tend to produce an alkaline urine which predisposes to crystal deposition, a natural meat based diet will give an acid urine. Avoid processed foods with additives, cheaper foods with high cereal levels and excessive vaccination.


Treatment ..if not obstructed
Diet
Initially in the acute case without obstruction give a broth of meat or fish (with vegetables for dogs) and no other food, the fast helps reduce kidney load and the increased water helps flush the bladder. After a couple of days introduce a natural diet of meat and veg. as described elsewhere in our nutrition section. Ensure you companion has an acid urine by added extra vitamin C to the diet about 100mg per 10 kg twice daily, and by using L methionine (e.g. 'Methigel' from our shop) Also ensure there is ample vitamin A and E in the diet by adding a little cod liver and vegetable oil.

Homeopathic Remedies
Give the most suitable of the following at a potency of 6c three times daily for 2 days or until improvement is seen.
All remedies are available from the online shop
Thuja
Can help in many cases especially if the problem flares up shortly after vaccination.
Cantharis
Blood and a burning feeling on passing urine are the key notes of this remedy made from Spanish Fly.
Pulsatilla
No thirst and the avoidance of warm places to sit. along with the normal symptoms of bladder irritation. They are generally sweet affectionate animals and can urinate when startled.
Nux Vomica
Irritable quarrelsome animals worse in the morning fit this picture. They have often been treated many times with frequent courses of antibiotics.
Sarsparila
The symptoms are worse at the end of urination with blood/mucus often seen. There is great pain. Worse in cold damp weather.
Lycopodium
Lycopodium animals often suffer from wind and diarrhoea usually at a separate time from the bladder problems. They are nervous with strangers and yet bossy at home. and
Mercuris Irritable animals as lycopodium with digestive, diarrhoea problems but often at the same time as the cystitis. Lots of staining during and after problems.

Complex Remedies:
(MacSamuel™) Bladder Tonic

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Goldenrod, hemp,
Homeopathic:
Dulcamara 6x:
Cannabis 6x:
Pareira brava 4x:
Rubia tinctorum 4x: struvite crystals
Solidago virgia aurea Ø : a diuretic
Oleum terebinthina 4x

Packaging: 100 tablets of 250mg

Dosage: 1 tablet 2-3 times daily. for 3-6 weeks.

Remedy Picture:
The remedy is designed to be helpful in the cat suffering from FLUTD or cystitis


Herbal Remedies can be helpful with chronic cases or to prevent recurrence.
Bucchu This is a herb mixture which can clear up minor cases of cystitis in the dog .
Cranberry juice is very useful (available in the shop as Cranbiotic complex)
Equisetum or horsetail Give twice daily for 2 to 3 weeks.

Acute obstruction can in some cases be relieved by the use of homeopathy but it is serious condition and you should seek veterinarian advice if these do not work within an hour or so. The vet will pass a plastic catheter if possible or sometimes remove the urine from the bladder with a syringe through the abdominal wall. The following remedies have been known to work:
Thalspi bursa pastoris (Shepherd's purse) is perhaps the one to try first either as a homeopathic remedy up to 6x or as a herbal tincture given at 10 minute intervals for 3 doses.
Coccus cati (especially if a blood clot is seen), or
above and you have them to hand same dosage regime for these may work if you are lucky.

Cancer

Cancer as in man, is becoming more common in our companion animals. The reason for this is not fully known, part of the reason is that we are all living longer, but I am sure that the various pollutants in our environment must have a lot to do with the rise in number of cases. I would include many of the drugs and vaccines we put into our own and our companions bodies among these pollutants.

See new page for more details

Prevention
Avoid as many of these pollutants as possible: Smoke, polluted puddles in city streets, car fumes, radiation from the TV and X-rays and excessive vaccination and drugs.
A natural wholesome diet as discussed elsewhere is of vital importance. Remember to supplement with raw fresh vegetables. Vitamins A, C and E are of particular benefit.

Treatment
The treatment we recommend consists of a combination of diet and the use of homeopathic remedies where simple surgical excision is not an option. Success rates with natural cancer treatment are improving but it is often difficult to quantify the success rate.
There are a number of cases in particular in young otherwise fit animals where a complete cure is possible but unfortunately in the majority of cases we can only hope to prolong your companions life. The alternatives however are not much more successful and involve painful surgery then the use of toxic chemotherapy.
The quality of life after surgery and chemotherapy may be poor and in many cases life is not even prolonged, so think carefully before agreeing to put your companion through this from of treatment. I would advise you get as accurate a diagnosis as possible and an idea of prognosis from your vet. Then contact an holistic vet to see if surgery or homeopathy is the best option. If you do decide to have conventional therapy then use the diet outlined below and homeopathy to minimise side affects.

Diet for Cancer patients

Avoid commercial foods: feed natural, mainly raw food diets where possible as stated elsewhere, organic foods when possible.
Keep the levels of starchy, carbohydrate foods low to avoid feeding the cancer cells.
Ensure you give some fresh raw grated or liquidised vegetables The brassicas (kale, brocolli etc.) are particularly good and are know to contain anti-cancer micro-nutrients.
Give high levels of Vitamin C, 500mg to 4g daily depending on the size of your companion spilt into 2 or 3 doses.
Ensure you give ample levels of the other antioxidant vitamins A and E (2,000 to 5,000i.u. and 40 to 200 i.u. respectively), preferably using fish and wheat germ oils but a vitamin supplement will do.
Also ensure high levels of the Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids by giving fish and vegetable oils. These agents have been shown to reduce growth of many cancers and therefore prolong life. [for example 'Omegaderm' and products containing Flax seed oil such as Yumega and Missing Link ]

Herbal Remedies
Mushroom complexes: Shitake, Ganoderma and Coryceps mushrooms can help reduce the growth of cancers and are widely available. Mycoplex corriolsis This mushroom complex from 'Animal Alternatives' is avaiable from our shop and there is evidence it will reduce the growth of tumours.
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) Give twice daily for as long as required but while using this herb always make sure you supplement the B vitamins a little as this herb can affect there use in the body.

Homeopathic Remedies:
It would be best if you can have a remedy prescribed by a homeopathic vet. for this condition as all cases are different. Your vet will consider all aspects of the case including cause, the animals character and nature of the tumour before selecting a remedy. Treatment unlike that of most ailments is long term and can be very successsful with an experienced practitioner
If you cannot find a homeopath then try the following:
Carcinosin 200c Give one dose weekly and one of the following:
Arsenicum album 30c if weak, thirsty and restless
Thuja 30c for warty types of growths
Conium 30c for very hard tumours or
Silica 30c for hard tumours with weight loss or
Nat mur 30c in cats.
Give daily for 4 weeks or so and longer if you are seeing an improvement.

Immune Complexes

Diarrhoea

Digestive upsets are common in the dog and cat. We generally see evidence of problems as vomiting or diarrhoea. The gastrointestinal tract has the function of breaking the food we eat down from pieces of meat, cereals and vegetables into small molecules which the cells of the body can use for energy and rebuilding new cells.

The process starts in the mouth with chewing and mixing with saliva, it is continued in the stomach where acids and enzymes continue the process. The digestion process continues in the small intestine where enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver finish the splitting of fats, proteins and carbohydrates into fatty acids, amino acids and sugars.
Absorption of these products occurs here and further down the tract in the large intestine. Most of the water is absorbed in the large bowel and the waste products stored for later excretion through the anus.
The bowel lining has a similar role to the skin on the outside of the body in protecting the body from toxins and pathogenic (harmful) bacteria, viruses and parasites. The gut also has a large number of beneficial bacteria which aid digestion and supply vitamins to the host animal. This is particularly so in the rabbit and other herbivores who need bacteria to breakdown grasses and other plant material into absorbable nutrients.

Problems occur when either unhealthy foods are eaten. It may be rapidly ejected by vomiting, cats are naturally particularly sensitive to rancid foods and will readily vomit after eating. If your companion is sick after eating certain foods this may be why, all sorts can be hidden in a tin can! Diarrhoea is the other way the body tries to get rid of toxic substances by rapidly passing it out of the bowel this is an attempt to heal.
Infections such as parvovirus can have a similar effect.
Chronic or long term intermittent problems with the bowel are more likely to be caused by immune system faults or poor diet. If your companion has had diarrhoea for some time then firstly make sure the diet correct.
Diarrhoea
Acute diarrhoea is a response of the body to rid itself of toxins and unwelcome germs from the bowel, it is a speeding up of the natural passage of gut contents not giving time for water to be absorbed in the normal way so producing a watery stool. Suppression of this response using alopathic drugs such as Immodium to slow the bowel down is not therefore recommended, we should try to assist the body not work against it.
We do this by resting the gut, replacing normal gut bacteria and using absorbent materials to soak up the toxins and protect the inflammed intestine lining. Diarrhoea of this type may be caused by ingestion of rancid unfit foods or other toxins including drugs in some cases it is often accompanied by vomiting which is treated in a similar way (See this page as well if your companion has both symptoms)

Prevention
This condition can not be completely avoided as animals are wont to pick up garbage at any time but if your companion is having a good quality natural diet, avoids unnecessary drugs and vaccinations he will be in a much better shape to deal with any food poisoning he may pick up. Raw foods will mean your companion is used to the bacteria commonly found in meats and so seem more resistant to diarrhoea
Always change diets gradually sudden shocks to the bowel can induce diarrhoea.
Stresses and anxiety can cause diarrhoea in animals as well as ourselves.

Treatment
Rest the gut by giving a very light diet until recovery. Initially a complete fast for at least 12 hours is best followed by a day on broth, feed in small quantities through out the day. Follow this with meals of boiled chicken and turkey and rice for a day or two before gradually re-introducing the normal diet. For dogs use about 50 to 60% rice, cats may not find this appetizing but try 20-30% ground rice.
The first thing to use with any case of diarrhoea is to give what is known as a probiotic. This is a preparation of the normal bugs that live in the intestines and help us digest our foods. An example is Lacto-B from our shop, protexin or simply 'live' yoghurt. Give a few teaspoons of this to your companion along with the light diet.

Homeopathic Remedies
Arsenicum album
Alloe
Mercuris solubis

Available from our shop on this link
Herbal Remedies

Chronic Diarrhoea

Slippery Elm

Ear Problems

This is one of the most commonly seen problems in our clinic along with the related problem, skin disease. Ears commonly become inflamed, sore and have a smelly discharge.
The commonest cause is, I believe is allergy although ear problems can also be caused by foreign bodies trapped in the ear see cartoon) or ear 'mites' (tiny insects in the ear canal).
Have your vet check for the presence of these before persisting with any of the advice below.
Ear mites are most common in cats. The ears are very itchy with a dark waxy dryish discharge.
Diagram of an ear canal

The most serious foreign body is a grass seed that can be trapped in the ear, this is seen particularly in floppy eared dogs such as spaniels.
Trapped g
dogs ear with grass seed
rass seeds are usual very painful and the ear problem comes on very quickly, some drops of soothing oils such as almond or aloe vera in a vegetable oil can soothe it a little but you should rapidly visit your vet to have the seed removed if you suspect this problem.

Allergic instigated ear problems are most common however and these can keep recurring. The ear inflammation is followed by smelly brown or yellow discharges with bacterial and yeast infections that follow on in the damaged ear. Conventionally these are 'treated' using antibiotic and steroid drops which suppress and mask the symptoms.


See also the sections on Allergies and Skin disease for more information about control and prevention of allergy.

Prevention
Avoid potential allergens by feeding a natural diet and other advice in the allergy section.
If your companion suffers regular problems then clean ear canals at regular intervals with one of the following:
Olive oil with Tree tree oil (½ teaspoon to 1 ounce oil) as a general disinfectant. If this irritates too much then clean with olive oil alone and then use Hypericum and Calendula (hyper-cal) tincture. 1 teaspoon in a ½ cup of water and ¼ tsp. of salt.
Another simple cleaner and disinfectant is cider or wine vinegar diluted 1:4 with water, use after swimming or if there is not too much wax. If ther is clean first with the oil above or one of the proprietary ear cleaners available on the market; some of the best are available in our shop or from your vet.


Treatment
For Ear Mites Try using an infusion of Yellow Dock (rumex crispus) twice a week after cleaning the ears with oil ( a mix of oregano and olive ½ tsp. per ½ oz. is best do not use tea tree as they are often too sore) Use twice weekly for 3 weeks or so.

Diet
As for other allergic conditions

Homeopathic Remedies

As with many conditions the best treatment is a remedy which matches your companion as a whole and a full veterinary homeopathic consultation may be best. This is particularly true if the ear condition has kept recurring over and over again and if your companion has had conventional ear drops. Chronic ear conditions can be very hard to cure fully. That said you can try the most suitable of the following 3 times daily for three days
Belladonna 6c if the ear is bright red and painful and the animal sore, grumpy and restless.
Pulsatilla 6c This is most affective for the clingy, affectionate animals with a yellowish discharge from the ear.
Silica 30c For chronic recurring infections with redness and severe irritation.
Sepia 30c Can help in the cat with very itchy painful ears with a dark dirty discharge either with or without ear mites. (always check for these in this sort of ear)
Herbal Remedies

Calendula/Hypericum made as described above. Use daily in acute conditions
Aloe vera use on sensitive ears that have little discharge.

Flea Control


Fleas are a common problem particularly in the summer months for both dogs and cats.
Flea Life cycle
They are difficult to eliminate completely because of their life cycle shown here.
The flea onl
y spends a short part of its life feeding on the animal, then lays eggs which fall off into carpets and other places. The larval stages can rest for months before infecting another dog or cat. This is why even modern insecticide products have to be repeated so often to be affective. There is then a risk of build up of toxins in yours and your companions body. So what is the alternative?
Prevention
Cat flea
A healthy coat and body is the best defence; weak poorly animals seem to have many more fleas than fit ones. So feed a natural, good quality diet with plenty of yeast and garlic. (Tablets e.g. Dorwest or Denes) or up to 1 clove a day depending on size.
Clean the environment to remove as many flea larvae as possible:
Steam cleaning will kill them but is expensive, do this if you have a severe problem or just once a year in spring.
Vacuum floors and furniture thoroughly weekly including all crevices where fleas may hide as much as possible. Remember to carefully dispose of the contents of your cleaners bag or put a flea collar in it to prevent this being a source of new fleas.

Diatomaceous earth is a fine powder that can be used to kill fleas it can spread into crevices around walls and the like. It is not toxic to us unless inhaled but mechanically damages fleas. It should be used sparingly and with care. Some combine it with borax for a relatively environmentally friendly method of control.
Borax can be used to wash hard floors (cupful per gallon) to kill fleas. Remember though that the pupal stages are not killed by this and so it can take a week or two to work or longer in cool environments as we wait for them to hatch. Fleaban is a product available from us containing boron compounds which is fairly affective and not as toxic to the environment as the more modern sprays.
Wash your companions bedding in hot soapy water weekly.
Bathe and comb

your pets as much as possible to remove fleas. Wash the fleas off the comb into hot soapy water and down the toilet. Shampoo throughly lather well for 10 minutes then rinse well Dorwest Pennyroyal Shampoo can also help repel fleas.
Outside in warmer weather fleas can live in your garden. You can use similar hygiene methods to help control fleas here if appropriate heat will sterilise areas of the garden, lime will help kill fleas and short lawns and tidy paths are less likely to harbour fleas.
Itchy Dog.

Herbal Repellents
Oils can be used on the coat to repel fleas in dogs, and small pets the most affective mixture is found in ZENEX which we can supply as a spray or spot-on. NOT CATS
Dry herbs as a powder can be combed into the coat and can be found in some stores. You can mix your own: Use equal quantities of Eucalyptus, rosemary, fennel, yellow dock and rue or as many of these as you can find as a powder and sprinkle them into the coat up to twice weekly if you have an infestation.
Herbal rinses to use after shampooing that can be used include lavender, pennyroyal, Eucalyptus and lemon. The first and last are safest for cats.
The lemon rinse is made by slicing a lemon into a pint of boiling water, leave overnight and the sponge into the coat. This can also help with other skin problems.

Treatment

As above if you find this is not sufficient Pyrethrum powders and sprays have the lowest long term toxicity and can be used in the house. The modern spot on, injectable and oral anti-flea flea treatments are outlined elsewhere. They are less toxic than the older organo phosphates but should not be used as a first resort.
Homeopathic Remedies
These do not get rid of fleas but can make the skin less sore and sensitive
Sabadilla has a reputation for repelling fleas.
Ledum is a good remedy for flea bites and other small puncture wounds
Sulphur reduces itching Pulex is used as well See Flea Tonic in the shop.

If your companion is itchy with an oily smelly coat try sulphur or psorinum 30 c twice daily for 3 days.
Use sulphur if he seems to be hot and seeks a cool spot to sit in otherwise psorinum. it can help build up resistance to the parasites effect on the skin

Other Bugs

Ticks:Ticks are an occasional problem found after walking in fields and moors where sheep, cattle and other animals have been. It rarely causes a problem to the animals other than an itchy spot. They can be removed by using a pair of tweezers, finger nails or easiest by the specially designed 'Tom O'Tom' hook we can supply carefully hooking them under the head of the tick and twisting as you pull it out. Be careful you get the head out or you can be left with a nasty itchy spot. If, when you examine the removed tick, you cannot see the head then treat the area with some hypericum/callendula cream until the redness has gone.Always check your companion for ticks after a grassland or moorland walk in the summer and autumn for the little perishers as well as grass seeds. You can use preventative insecticides such as Frontline but a quick routine groom will avoid the need for these toxic substances as well as improving bonding between you and your companion.LiceThese are fortunately not often seen and can be controlled by shampooing the coat, then using conditioner and combing with a fine comb while wet. as you would children. The lemon or other rinses above can then be applied as a repellent. Repeat until all newly hatched lice are removed.Diet and condition is important fit animals rarely suffer much with lice.Lice do not live off the animals so control is centred on the animal.MangeMange is a term given to an infestation with microscopic 'insects' called mites .(They are not true insects having 8 legs) Mange comes in two main forms Demodectic and Sarcoptic in dogs.It is also found in cats, rabbits and guinea pigs and other species Generally they can not cross from one species of animal to another. The Demodectic mange mite lives deep in the skin and is probably found in many species but is not normally a problem unless the animal in unhealthy and so has poor resistance or immunity.It is fairly common in young dogs causing pimples and sometimes slight irritation which he will usually grow out of. Sometimes however it can spread and cause irritation and infection by bacteria may follow.If your dog gets severe generalised mange it is best to get the services of your vet.Good raw food based nutrition is essential with added zinc (10 to 30mg depending on size) (pumpkin seeds are a good source), vitamins C and E. to help your companion heal himself.Echinacea will help boost the immune system in addition give 2 to 3 times daily.The amount depending on the preparation type. We can supply tablets or tinctureThe following homeopathic remedies can help:If your companion is itchy with an oily smelly coat try Sulphur or Psorinum 30 c twice daily for 3 days. Use sulphur if he seems to be hot and seeks a cool spot to sit in, psorinum for a chillier dog. Silicea is a good start for the less smelly cases.For Sarcoptic mange or the similar types found in guinea pigs where the mites are more superficial then you can use either Yellow dock tea (1) or lavender oil (2) diluted in almond oil 1:10 daily until the condition improves. However in dogs it can be zoonotic (spread to man) so it may be safer to use a spot-on treatment for this condition which is only available from your vet.Always though ensure you also get the diet right, as for domed above and use the same remedies.The mange of Guinea Pigs can be treated in the same way but ensure you also destroy the feed and bedding and disinfect the hutch as these mites can survive for long periods off the animals.

Heart Problems

Heart conditions are quite common in older dogs and cats
Heart Tonic

Ingredients
: Diluted extracts of mountain Arnica and Hawthorn
Homeopathic:
Arnica 6x, for consequences of exhaustion and physical trauma
Crataegus MT to strengthen the heart muscle

Packaging: 50ml dropper 43% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient daily for 2-3 months or for as long as required. It may safely be given with conventional heart medication.

Remedy Picture:
The remedy is designed to be helpful in the early stages of mitral value insufficiency. The effect is normal apparent after a few weeks of treatment, therefore it is not suitable for acute or severe heart failure. It is more for the old dog suspected of having impaired heart function.
Cretaegus is a herbal extract from the Hawthorn plant which is described as having a digitalis like affect on the heart muscle, it can make the heart muscle more sensitive to digitalis so if using this drug it may be best to reduce the dose (Digoxin).
The Arnica has a beneficial affect on the failing circulation.

Kidney Disease

Kidney problems are very common in older dogs and cats.
The signs to look out for are an excessive thirst and urination, dullness lack of energy and eventually vomiting. Your companion will start to lose weight and look misera
ble, his breath will often smell. Normal cats will hardly drink any thing unless on a unnatural dried diet so if you see him drinking have him examined by a vet.

Kidney Diagram In some cases kidney disease can be a sudden illness and happen rapidly but more often it is a gradual decline. When about half the kidney tissue is damaged we call this kidney failure and we can start to see a rise in the blood levels of urea and creatinine.
When 75% or more is damaged the animal becomes ill. So it is important to get a diagnosis early. This chronic renal failure is hard to treat as the kidney damage is not usually reversible. The treatments are diet, fluid therapy, herbal remedies and homeopathy. Remember this is a serious condition and you should consult your vet if in any doubt about treatment.

Prevention

Natural diets, unpolluted water and minimal use of drugs should help reduce the incidence. As much as possible feed raw food diets and in particular avoid dried foods. Cats in particular, although they drink more never really compensate for the lack of water in dried food and are always putting their kidneys under strain when on a dry diet.
Urinary Tract digram
Bladder "infections" or Cystitis may well be a sign of problems to come, be careful how this problem is treated so as not to suppress the illness and drive it into the kidney.
Early diagnosis is vital so have your companion blood tested for kidney problems if you suspect she has a problem.

Treatment
The kidney is used to dispose of toxic products from in the body, these are breakdown products of metabolism and unneeded things in the diet . This includes toxins in the food such as colourants and minerals, in particular phosphate which can be excessive in many diets. Proteins levels are of debatable importance but feeding less 'poor quality' proteins such as cereal protein can be beneficial especially in severe kidney failure. It is therefore important to get the diet right.
Dog drinking

Diet

In early kidney failure it is not necessary to reduce total protein levels, it is important however to use good quality highly digestible proteins: eggs, cottage cheese, milk and yoghurt are best then white meats (chicken and turkey)
The diet should be high in energy so that protein breakdown is minimal so extra fat should be added. This can be in the form of oils or butters, ghee is reputedly excellent in this respect (¼ to 1 teaspoon daily depending on animal size). Additional vitamins should be added especially the water soluble ones which are flushed out with the increased thirst (B and C)
Mineral balance is important, Calcium and bicarbonate are often effectively low and phosphate high in animals with kidney problems.
So add some bicarb. of soda (baking powder), a pinch daily for a cat up to¼ teaspoon for a large dog and some Calcium in the form of ground egg shells, calcium lactate or other forms not containing phosphate: do not use bonemeal as this does have a high phosphate component. Avoid the acid forming diets used to control bladder stones. For some sample recipes for dogs click here or for cats click here in stead!

Severe latter stage kidney problems may need more severe protein restriction than this.
As always feed at least partly raw, natural foods, avoid additives even in the drinking water bottled may be best.

Herbal Remedies

Alfalfa(Medicago satavita) This can be used as a tea, tincture or tablets giving a 4 drops of the tincture 2/3 times daily per 10lbs body weight.
Marsh mallow(Althaea officinalis) Use a tea or infusion of this and give from ½ teaspoon for a cat to a tablespoon for a large dog twice daily.
Nettle and dandelion teas can also help give a similar dosage to alfalfa

Homeopathy

The remedy most suitable would depend on the symptoms your companion is showing. It is better to consult a homeopath or at least a simple homeopathic book before prescribing but here are a few suggestions that work well for me.
Nat. mur. These animals have a high thirst often with weight loss but appear fairly warm. They tend to not want company.
Arsen. alb. The arsenicum types are chillier and restless. They are thirsty but may not always drink although they appear to want to, sitting over the bowl but not taking any.
Chininium Arsenicosum This can work well in cats perhaps a little less restless than arsenicum, try this if Ars. alb. does nothing.
Sulphur This remedy can often help. It fits the untidy slowish cat who cannot be bothered to groom. He does not seek the heat out like the arsenicum animal but will still be thirsty.
Pulsatilla may help the clingy affectionate animal who does not have a great thirst despite her kidney problem.
Give all these remedies at the 6c potency three or four times daily for 4 days if no improvement is noted then stop.

Complex Remedies

(These remedies from the MacSamuel ™ Range are available in our shop more detailed advice in Atjo Westerhuis's book Your Dog and Homeopathy) They combine 1 or more herbal or homeopathic remedies together to treat specfic conditions.

Kidney Tonic

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Lespedeza sieboldi ( a chinese herb) and golden rod
Homeopathic:
Lespedeza siebold 3x, for uraemia
Solidago virga aurea Øto aid drainage

Packaging: 100 tablets of 250mg

Dosage: 1 tablet (small dog) to 2 tablets 2-3 times daily. Alway use in combination with a diet designed for kidney problems see elsewhere ( low protein, high quality protein and low phosphorus diet)

Remedy Picture:
The remedy is designed to be helpful in the dog suffering from chronic interstitial nephritis or with nephrosclerosis.


You can also assist the kidneys by giving berberis on a daily basis either as a the mother tincture or a 1x dilution. Give 2-3 drops in water.
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Bladder Tonic

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Goldenrod, hemp,
Homeopathic:
Dulcamara 6x:
Cannabis 6x:
Pareira brava 4x:
Rubia tinctorum 4x: struvite crystals
Solidago virgia aurea Ø : a diuretic
Oleum terebinthina 4x

Packaging: 100 tablets of 250mg

Dosage: 1 tablet 2-3 times daily. for 3-6 weeks.

Remedy Picture:
The remedy is designed to be helpful in the cat suffering from FLUTD or cystitis
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Remember to avoid all pollutants while your companion is ill, make sure plenty of water is available. If he gets worse then fluid therapy is important. Ask your vet if you can give fluid injections at home, it can make a vast difference. Hospitalisation to do this is just not the same.
Acupuncture can also play a role and stimulate appetite. If this is done monthly by an experienced practitioner it can help some animals enormously.

Liver Problems

Liver problems are commonly seen in dogs and cats.
They can be as a consequence of the animals suffering from other problems such as thyroid problems and diabetes or as a primary disease such as viruses and poisoning.
It is a serious problem that should always be treated by a veterinary surgeon. It is generally diagnosed with the help of blood tests such as ALT and ALKP by the vet. but signs of liver problems include jaundice, fatty stools abdominal pain and vomiting.
The avoidance of toxic substances in the diet or environment is the main way of avoiding problems. These include insecticides in particular the older flea products, additives in diets, drugs and vaccination. The liver has to process and detoxify these substances so most certainly avoid these if your companion has a history of liver problems.

Diet

As for most conditions a natural diet is best. The levels of good quality protein such as eggs, cottage cheese and lean meats should be high and it should be rich in vitamins, but do not use excess vitamins as these have to be processed by the liver it is important to allow healing.
Green leafy vegetables are beneficial and should be fed to all liver patients (grate or liquidize). Feed small light feed until recovery is well under way.
An amino acid supplement can be helpful such as a protein drink for body builders as long as it has no artificial chemicals added. These can help rebuild the liver. Lecithin is particularly good for fatty livers as it aids fat digestion (¼ teaspoon or so for a cat daily and the same dose rate per 10lb. for a dog)
Antioxidants are useful for liver inflammation you can give some or even all of the following:

Vitamin C 10mg per kg twice daily
Vitamin E 5mg per kg once daily
Coenzyme Q 10 2 mg per kg daily
S.O.D. or Superoxidase dismutase 125mg per 10 kg daily( SAMe)
Tumeric (the spice) ¼ teaspoon per 10kg twice daily.

Also give a B vitamin supplement e.g. yeast but not to excess.

Homeopathic Remedies
The best prescription is a constitutional one prescribed by a homeopath. However the following remedies can be given in a low potency 3x to 6x in addition try the one which fits best for a week or so.
Chelidonium majus If a good match the patient would be angry and better for warmth and warm food.
Carduus marianus Use especially if vomiting green bile and colicky, do not use as well as the herbal version below.
Cholesterol particularly if there is bile duct involvement.


Herbal Remedies
The main herbs which can assist all liver cases are Silymarin (Carduus marianus) and Milk Thistle
Give around 1/8th of the human dose for a cat, up to the full human dose for a large dog.
Supplements
Combinations Available
The following contain Silymarin, B vitamins, SAMe, and other Antioxidants and have been found useful. They are available from our shop:
Doxion
Hepatocyl
Samylin

Reproduction

1. False Pregnancy
2. Lactation Problems
3. Fertility Problems in the Bitch
4. Male Fertility and Hyper-sexuality
5. Fertility Problems in the Bitch


Psudeopregnancy

A bitch can develop this condition shortly after her season. This is not a serious illness and indeed in the wild pack of dogs can be useful if the aunts of puppies can also supply milk to the puppies of other members of the pack. In the home situation it occurs at around 9 weeks after the season and can result in behavioural changes as well as milk production. This can be annoying fro the owners and may lead to lumps in the mammary or breast tissue. Long term spaying the bitch may be best otherwise we recommend homeopathy. You can use a remedy, if you have found which one works for your dog, as a preventative 2 weeks before the expected event.

Remedies claimed to be useful include:

Asa foetida Picture: Restless, whiny, follows owner around, nesting often with a soft toy. She can be attractive to and attracted by male dogs even when not in season and have short periods between each season. Give a 6x tablet 3 times daily for 7-14 days

Ignatia: Picture: Irritable grumpy at this time although not usually, prefers to sit alone and may over groom her skin. Little milk is produced if any. Long interval between seasons. Give a 6x tablet 3 times daily for 2-4 weeks.

Phytolacca: Picture is of lumpy inflamed mammary glands after or during milk production. can be better combined with Merc. viv. Give both together as a 4x potency 3 times daily for 1-3 weeks

Pulsatilla Picture: Similar to the general Pulsatilla type.. Loves company, comfort and affection. During the Phantom pregnancy she appears depressed and sleeps until encouraged to go out when she feels better for the open air and perks up.
She does not drink much, has slightly prolonged inter season intervals, is not keen on being mated and is prone to pussy vaginal discharges. If you think this fits give a 12c or 30x table daily for 3 weeks or until she is better

Salvia officinalis and Urtica combine well together to inhibit milk production and help the milk to dry up. They can be combined together with the remedy above which fits best the behavioural changes described above. This is why the complex Remedy from MacSamuel is so affective. Use potency 2x Salvia and 6x Urtica 3 times daily.

Complex Remedies

PseudoPregnancy Tonicum from MacSamuel™ (available in our shop)

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Devils Dung, Ignatia bean, sage and nettle.
Homeopathic: Asa foetida 4x, Ignatia 6x, Saliva off. 2x,Urtica 6x

Packaging: 50ml dropper 15% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient 3 times daily for 3-6 weeks.

Individual Remedy Pictures:
Asa Foetida:regulates lactation and maternal hysteria.
Ignatia: Grief and depression.
Salvia off.: suppression of unwanted milk production.
Urtica.: suppression of unwanted milk production

Together the picture matches a bitch with a false or phantom pregnancy. depressed sometimes grumpy and irritable behaviour. Miserable indoors and milk production. She may 'adopt ' toys etc as pups and nesting behaviour

Also with False Pregnancies:

Provide plenty of things to interest her walks etc will distract the bitch from her condition.

Spaying may be a good idea after all has gone back to normal

Look out for lumps in the breast treat initially with Phytolacca but if they continue to grow or persist see your vet.


Lactation Problems


Poor milk production: Sometimes after giving birth particularly after a caesarian section a bitch can produce insufficient milk to feed her pups. Homeopathic remedies can help here.

Always have your vet check for problems such uterus infections and mastitis and give supplementary food to the pups.

Homeopathy:
Angus Castus: Stimulates milk production, melancholy and apathetic
Alfalfa: Stimulates milk production
Asa foetida:For the nervous restless almost hysterical bitch not knowing what to do with her pups
Chamomilla: For the irritable bitch who seems to withhold her milk when pups are suckling Give 6x 3 times daily for a week.
Phytolacca: good for stopping the development of nodules during milk production 3x 3 times daily for week or so Many advise its use for ensuring milk production in maiden bitches by giving for a week or so in late pregnancy

Herbal
Angus Castus
Alfalfa
Nettles

all of these herbs can stimulate milk production

Complex Remedies:

Lactation Tonicum from the MacSamuel™ range

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Chaste tree, Lucerne devils dung and nettle.
Homeopathic: Agnus castus 1x, Alfalfa MT, Asa foetida 6x, and Urtica MT.

Packaging: 50ml dropper 45% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient 3 times with 1-2 hours between doses. This can be repeated daily for 1-2 weeks.

Individual Remedy Pictures:
All have the reputation of encouraging milk production as you can see above


Fertility Problems in the Bitch

Homeopathic Remedies:
Cimicifuga
Ignatia
Pulsatilla

Complex Remedies

Fertile 1 Tonicum

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Windflower.
Homeopathic: Pulsatilla 3x.

Packaging: 50ml dropper 15% alcohol

Dosage: 15-10 drops depending on size of patient 3 times daily until the dog shows signs of heat. Use max 3 weeks. It can then be followed by fertile 2 for a further 3 weeks.

Individual Remedy Pictures:
Pulsatilla:In this low 3x potency here it is believed to encourage the production of FSH and growth of the ovarian follicle inducing oestrus(season). We recommend you try this remedy for dogs who do not come into season readily. It should be followed up with Cimicifuga 3x to then help the dog ovulate. It will not shorten the normal cycle.
N.B.

if you have a dog who is constitutionally Puls they may be very sensitive to the remedy and a proving/aggravation occur e.g. vaginal discharge Stop the treatment if this is noted.

Do not give during oestrus endometriosis is more likely

If fertile 1 has not helped after 3 week switch anyway to Fertile 2 for 3 weeks, if still no response Ignatia or the constitutional remedy are required.


Fertile 2 Tonicum

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Black Snake Root and purple cone flower.
Homeopathic: Cimicifuga 3x., Echinaecea purpurea MT

Packaging: 50ml dropper 62% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient 3 times daily for 3 weeks during the season (oestrus).

Individual Remedy Pictures:
Cimicifuga:To encourage ovarian follicle ripening by reinforcing LH.
Echinaecea: To stimulate resistance to infection which may lead to endometriosis and poor implantation.
They are given together because it can be hard to find the cause of infertility in many cases
( You can continue to give Echinaecea without the Cimicifuga by switching to Resistance Tonic if there is a pussy discharge after mating or in early pregnancy.)

Indicated poor infertility or low numbers of pups possibly with purulent discharge. Also in the case of what appears to be early absorption of pups: normal pregnancy which suddenly stops after 3 weeks or so. In this case give Fertile 2 for 3 weeks of next season and also for 3 weeks afterwards 6 in total.

NB.Also remember to check the dog's fertility, blood tests to get timing of mating right etc.

It has also been used when the bitch stays in season too long because the Corpus leuteum function is poor Give for 6 weeks. with Ustilago 3x (heavy bleeding) or Apis 6x (nymphomania)


Male Reproductive Problems

Hypersexuality, Prostate Problems

The conventional Treatment for this common male problem is castration, or injections of the hormone like drug delmadinone (tardak). In mild cases or were you wish to avoid castration you could try the following

Herbal Remedies

Saw palmetto (Sabal serrulata)

P-Rite: A blend of herbs: Saw palmetto, vitamins, minerals and amino acids, traditionally used to help maintain a healthy prostate in older dogs and so ease the symptoms of enlargement that can lead to increased urination.(available in the shop) Can be used in conjunction with homeopathy.

Homeopathy
Acid picrinicum
Agnus castus
Testosterone in potency
Sabal serrulatum
All can be indicated and found useful

Complex Homeopathy:
Libido Tonicum

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Chaste Tree, marjoram, sawwort palm and picric acid.
Homeopathic: Agnus castus 6x Origanum 30x, sabal serrulata 3x and Acidium picrinicum 6x

Individual Remedy Pictures:
Agnus castus: Restless esp. at night because of hypersexuality.
Origanum: Sexual arousal.
Sabal ser.: Prostactic enlargement.
Acid. pic.: prostate haemorrhage

Together the picture might be one of the over sexed male dog, restless particularly at night, running away, disobient and excitable perhaps with a loss of appetite.

It has also been found useful in helping with balanoposthitis and enlarged prostate gland. You can get a syndrome in which the dog suffers from a penile or prepucial discharge which owners find hard to clear by simple washing of the prepuce often with over sexed behaviour. The conventional remedy is castration. Enlarged prostate glands can lead to pain or obstruction when passing urine or sometimes faeces.

Packaging: 50ml dropper 15% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient 3 times daily for 2 to 6 weeks.

Pregnancy and Labour

In general the dog and cat have a lot less problems with having young than we do but there are times when problems occur. Complementary medicine has a lot to offer in both treating and preventing these problems.

Herbal
Raspberry Leaf: (2 brands available in the shop) This traditional remedy is given from the 3rd week of pregnancy until 1 week afterwards. It strengthens the reproductive tract making birth easier

Homeopathy
Caulophylum: Give allow potency (6x) for the final 3 weeks of pregnancy (dogs and cats) to help dilation of the birth canal and strengthen the womb general promote a healthy birth.
Arnica: Excellent remedy to reduce the pain, exhaustion and bruising which occurs during labour. Give for 2 days before and after whelping/kittening.

Complex Homeopathy:
Labour Tonic

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Mountain arnica, Blue cohosh and Savin Tree.
Homeopathic: Arnica 6x, Caulophylum thalictroides. 4x and Sabina. 6x.

Packaging: 50ml dropper 15% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient 3 times with 1-2 hours between doses. This can be repeated again after 4 hours but if not affect then other intervention should be considered

Individual Remedy Pictures:
Arnica: exhaustion fatigue bruising.
Caulophylum:encourages cervical dilation
Sabina: Uterine contractions.

To aid weak contractions during labour



Uterine Tonicum

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of windflower, savin tree, ergot and cuttlefish ink.
Homeopathic: pulsatilla 6x, sabina 6x, secale cornutum 3x and Sepia 6x.

Packaging: 50ml dropper 15% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient 3 times daily for 3-6 weeks.

Individual Remedy Pictures:
pulsatilla: pussy discharges.
sabina and secale: strengthen uterine contractions.
Sepia.: bloody or purulent vaginal discharges.

Together the picture makes this a remedy for the bitch with or the tendency to get discharges after whelping (or after the her season). It can be used to treat or prevent problems at the time.
It promotes uterine contractions so if there are any retained placental fragments any other debris they will be expelled more readily.
It has been used to treat pyometra in cases were surgery has been refused or is thought too high a risk but is not a reliable treatment for this.

References: Much of this material is from
Your Dog and Homeopathy Atjo Westerhuis 2000

Respiratory

Some suggestions on treating problems of the respiratory system using natural remedies

Homeopathic Remedies

This will usually require a consultation with a homeopathic vet. but a few suggestions which may palliate until then are.

Arsen alb A itchy restless animal that is thirsty may be helped by this remedy. They tend to be chilly.

Sulphur Scruffy smelly animals that overheat easily. Skin is usually dry itchy, they are usually lean.

Complex Remedies

(These remedies from the MacSamuel ™ Range are available in our shop more detailed advice in Atjo Westerhuis's book Your Dog and Homeopathy)

Respiration Tonic

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of arsenic oxide, Copper acetate, Potassium bichromate and extracts of sundew and roasted sponge
Homeopathic:
Arsen album. 6x, for viral infections of respiratory tract
Cuprum aceticum 4x: bronchospasm
Kali bich. 4x: very sticky secretions
Spongia tosta 4x: tickly cough in the larynx
Drosera rotundifolia 2x: infections of larynx and trachea

Packaging: 50ml dropper 15% alcohol

Dosage: 10-20 drops depending on size of patient daily for3-6 weeks or for as long as required. It may safely be given with conventional heart medication.

Remedy Picture:
The remedy is designed to be helpful dogs suffering from chronic laryngitis.
The dog coughs when pulling on his lead or when excited. Laryngitis can be a result of kennel cough, chronic bronchitis, tonsillitis or as a complication of tomtits and bad teeth.( Dental problems should be addressed by your vet to remove any obstructions to cure)
The dog will have coughing spasms giving the impression of 'something stuck in the throat' and often coughs up a small amount of sticky white mucous.

Tips
In acute cases of Kennel cough Belladonna 6c may be appropriate. Antibiotics may be advised in acute cases you should consult your vet if there is any loss of appetite or you are worried.

Nose Tonic

Ingredients:
Homeopathic:
Euphrasia 6x: indicated for rhinitis and conjuctivitis
Echinacea MT Ø :To improve resistance and stimulate the immune system, anti infection
Arsenic album 12x : viral infections of the URT

Packaging:100 tablets of 250mg

Dosage: 1 tablet twice daily for 3 - 12 weeks. .

Remedy Picture: For cats with runny eyes and nose, Cat flu

Skin Problems

Skin disease, itching and scratching and all those other symptoms we see, is extremely common in the animals seen in all veterinary clinics.
It seems to take up every other case some days especially in the summer. The causes are various:
One of the commonest is covered elsewhere:
Fleas, Mites and other parasites
The first thing in most work ups would be to eliminate parasites as a problem.

The next category is that where there is an underlying allergy, this is often an allergy to fleas and so good flea control will help.
Allergies to contact and inhalation of allergens (known as atopy) is the next commonest then food allergy. We then have a multitude of different conditions which we have no space to cover.

A section of the skin The skin is a huge organ and the most obvious part of the anatomy. It is used to excrete toxins by the body and also has toxins dumped on it by the environment we live in and by guardians using flea drops etc.
We see s
kin problems as itching as mentioned but also smell and discolouration or flaking. The skin can be dry or oily. There may be scabs or spots.
Dermatologists divide these symptoms into various diagnoses, but for this brief overview we will discuss skin disease in general.
The underlying causes and treatments are similar it is the individuals response that varies. In my view the causes boil down to

Toxins: Poor quality foods, vaccines and environmental chemicals

Suppressed disease: inadequately treated conditions that may break out through the skin

Psychological factors: Anxiety, boredom and irritability can lead to self mutilation

This makes improvement of skin problems in a natural manner sound easy and indeed it is in so many cases. Follow the prevention advice below and it is amazing how many skins will improve dramatically. Homeopathy, herbs and shampoos can help but if the animals have had steroids for long periods is is not always easy even for experienced homeopaths and holistic veterinarians.

Prevention

Natural diets, no additives, preservatives etc. Fast every week or two. Raw foods generally are best for most cases. (see elsewhere for nutrition information.)
Add oils such as borage, evening primrose or flax oil to the food with a little fish oil. This is far and away the most important factor in controlling skin problems.
Other supplements such as vitamin E and Zinc can be important in some cases
Do not vaccinate animals with skin problems. So many itchy skins seem to flair up POST VACCINATION.
Relieve boredom and stresses as much as possible. Regular fresh air exercise and play. Environment enrichment and avoidance of contact with other cats can be helpful. Over grooming is common in the cat and can often be aggravated by bullying and unwelcome sight of other cats. (I hope this will be covered elsewhere soon)
Pheromone sprays or diffusers may help in anxious animals.

Treatment

Diet
As above. If hot spots are developed start with fast d for a few days to detox the body. then introduce a natural diet.

Homeopathic Remedies

This will usually require a consultation with a homeopathic vet. but a few suggestions which may palliate until then are.

Arsen alb A itchy restless animal that is thirsty may be helped by this remedy. They tend to be chilly.
Graphites Hot spots that ooze a honey like fluid. Dogs tend to be overweight lazy and overheat easily with more general skin problems that respond to Graph.
Psorinum Oily smelly itchy animals who prefer the heat (c.f. Sulph).
Pulsatilla These animals are timid, affectionate friendly. The signs tend to be worse for fatty foods. They do not often have a big thirst and like to lie on cool surfaces or in the fresh air.
Rhus Tox Intense itching with redness and swelling of the skin.
Silica is useful for chronic infections showing as pimples spots and pus. Especially around feet and nails which may be poorly developed.
Sulphur Scruffy smelly animals that overheat easily. Skin is usually dry itchy, they are usually lean.
Thuja If the condition starts or gets worse after vaccination, They often have warts and may have a greasy oil skin.

Complex Remedies

(These remedies from the MacSamuel ™ Range are available in our shop more detailed advice in Atjo Westerhuis's book Your Dog and Homeopathy)

Skin Tonicum

Ingredients: Diluted extracts of Dog and Cat flea, house dust mite, combined cultures of Staphylococcus and marsh rosemary.
Homeopathic:
Ctenophalum 30x: Flea allergy
House dust mite 30x,: House dust mite allergy
Staphylococcum 30x: Staphylococcal allergy
and Ledum 30x: itching worse for warmth and or caused by insect bites

Packaging: 50ml dropper 15% alcohol

Dosage: 5 to 10 drops depending on size of patient daily for 3 months.

Remedy Picture: The first 3 ingredients are common allergens in dogs cats and man causing itching. They are in this preparation diluted and potentised so as to attempt to build up a resistance to them. The picture is that of Flea or other Allergies or miliary dermatitis in the cat
The picture in the dog or cat can vary but usually appears similar to one of these types:
Dermatitis in groin area with local itching and severe biting of the skin
a more general itching of groin, hindquarters and abdomen, severe biting and scratching due to the itch. Bacterial hypersensitivity is thought to play a part in this.

A more rigidly defined area of severe itching along the spine extending forward from the base of the tail along with armpits. The rest of the coat looks fine.
Pyoderma of toes and chin

Usually worse for warmth although it is worth trying the remedy even if this modality is not present

Remember also to treat the flea problem, improve the diet and reduce other factors such as boredom. A cool dust free bed can work wonders.

Resistance Tonic

Ingredients:
Echinacea purpurea (purple cone flower) MT
Echinacea is a non specific herbal immune system booster which can be used as a natural homeopathic 'antibiotic' It seems to boost the immune system increasing white cell numbers and helping the body fight infection whether of the skin or elsewhere

Supplied in bottle of 100 tablets of 250mg

Dosage: 1-2 tablets(depending on size of dog/cat) 3 times daily for 3 to 6 weeks

Herbal Remedies
Garlic Helps many skin conditions and discourages fleas. Use up to 1 clove daily or tablets available
Echinacea will help with chronic skin infections to build up immunity. Also available
Aloe vera gel or spray can help applied locally to small lesions.

There is now a commercially available complex of 3 herbal medicines available on the UK market called PHYTOPICA which we have found helpful with smany dogs with Atopy or allergic dermatitis.More information about this may be found on our shop pages

Many other conditions are forms of skin problems such as anal gland problems, hypothyroidism and ear disease. These will be cover elsewhere but all can be helped by the regime outlined above.

Teeth: Dental

Problems with the teeth and gums are extremely common in the cat, dog and rabbit and are largely preventable if you feed the correct diet from a young age. Correct diet plays a major role in treatment as well.
Teeth need to be kept clean to prevent decay and gums need to be healthy to stop gingivitis. The problem is only common because of the diet we feed our animals (with the best of intentions).

A set of teeth with decay
Carnivores need to chew bones to keep teeth and gums in good condition and rabbits need to eat grass to wear there teeth down. See the nutrition sections for more advice on feeding and for research articles on the subject.
In brief there is no substitute for a fresh at least partially raw food diet,... dog biscuits, dry cat and dog foods etc., even those designed to reduce the dental problems are just not as affective.

The pet food industry with their processed unnatural diets have created generations of animals with rotten mouths (and many other problems) and are now coming up with all sorts of weird additives (coconut shell, peanut hulls) to reduce these problems which would not exist if it was not for their efforts. The sugars and starches in pet foods encourage plaque formation, gum inflammation and tooth decay. The lack of enzymes destroyed by cooking adds to this. Minimise the amount you feed.

Prevention

Feed correctly.
Brushing teeth, and feed bones at least once a week. Small joints such as chicken wings or turkey necks can be given to all sizes of animal with the larger ones for dogs.
Rabbits should be feed a grass/Lucerne based diet to wear their teeth down and adequate levels of Calcium for all to keep teeth strong. (see the rabbit nutrition section for more about this subject)
In addition adequate levels of other nutrients in particular vitamin C will help the immune system to fight infection in the mouth. Avoid rancid foods in particular in cats.
Cats are very prone to inflamed gums (gingivitis). Rancid unfresh foods with high levels of oxygen free radicals these damage tissues such as gums and cats appear to be poorly designed to cope with this. They are designed to eat freshly killed animals and seem to have lost the ability to cope with rancid food. (1)
Vitamin C and other antioxidants mentioned below help but it can be very hard to treat gingivitis in cats once it has got a hold. The old adage Prevention is better than cure certainly holds with mouth problems. Other potential insults to the immune system that should be avoided include vaccines of course.

Chews carrots and dental diets can help a little but nothing works like raw foods and bones or brushing daily

Treatment
Brushing teeth a Scale and Polish from your vet
Diet
Fresh, raw foods as already stated of course. Antioxidants can help to some extent as can the enzymes in products such as Pet Plus/Udo's Choice
Both available from our shop here see Sue Penman and Max Tuck's paper in addition which describes the improvement of cats and dogs with gingivitis when on a raw food diet supplemented with freeze dried enzymes from vegetables and herbs.
Give additional Vitamins C and E if your pet has inflamed gums (10-20mg per Kilo twice daily for Vit. C and once daily Vit. A).
The best sources are fruit and veg and Wheat germ oils for Vitamin E but capsules are OK. Co-enzyme Q 10 can help (3mg/kg daily) as well but these are no substitute for a good diet including greens, liver, eggs and the like but the should be fresh or carefully preserved by freezing/freeze-drying not cooked.

Homeopathic Remedies
available from the shop
If your companion breaks a tooth then give Arnica ( 3 doses 1 hour apart) then follow with 3 doses of Hypericum 12 hours later to reduce pain and stop infection.
Calcarea Renalis Phosphoricum and Fragaria 3c can reduce tartar to some extent if your companion is not fit enough to have his teeth descaled under anaesthetic. and can be given regularly in a low potency (3x)
Always give arnica before and after teeth cleaning or extraction at the vets.

Herbal Remedies
Calendula tincture/succlus with or without Hypericum can aid healing of torn or inflamed gums. Put on locally using cotton wool swabs, diluted 1:10 in water.
Echinacea can boost immune systems and assist with healing of inflamed gums.Try this if your animal is run down.
Applied locally the following herbs can assist gum healing.
Plantain For mildly dirt teeth and sore gums.
Goldenseal To aid healing of gums after tooth removal.
Myrrh For loose teeth.
don't forget
Plaque Off a Ascophyllum nosodsum, seaweed extract which has been found to reduce the plaque burden when taken by man and animals


(1) Ref. Don Hamilton/Richard Pitcairn DsVM in Don's excellent book Homeopathic Care of Dogs and Cats, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley CA 1999

Thyroid Disease

The thyroid gland sits in the neck either side of the trachea or windpipe. It produces a hormone, thyroxine, which controls the metabolism or speed of the body as a whole and it is thus a very important gland.
There are two basic problems that can occur with the thyroid gland either an over or under production of the thyroid hormones.

Under production of the hormone results in a slow metabolic rate and a slow heart rate, the animal is less active often gaining weight and has a poor coat. This occurs mostly in dogs it is known as Hypothyroidism

An overactive thyroid produces a fast heart rate, increased appetite, weight loss and often a hurried restless nature. This is becoming a very common disorder in older cats. Left untreated is can damage other organs such as the liver and dramatically hasten ageing. This is Hyperthyroidism
Both conditions are thought to be an autoimmune problem which shows in different ways in the 2 species.

Prevention
There have been those that blame vaccination, additives in the diet and pollutants generally for the rapid increase in the numbers of pets suffering from these diseases.

Treatment

Hypothyroidism

Diet
A natural diet with the following supplements can help:

The most important addition is kelp (seaweed). It is available from us as a powder or tablets and has long been recommended for poor coats.

L-Tyrosine is an amino acid the deficiency of which has been associated with low levels of thyroid in man. You could supplement with this at the level of 100 mg per 10kg daily.

Thyroid gland extracts can be used, some veterinarians believe these are more balanced form of hormone supplement than the form used in conventional thyroid treatment.They are less likely to cause suppression of the body natural thyroid hormones

I have heard reports that the use of oats in the diet along with fennel can help reduce the need for thyroid supplementation.



Homeopathic Remedies
The most successful approach is to get a constitutional prescription from your homeopathic vet. Thyroid gland extract is available as a homeopathic remedy and can help. Use regular daily doses of a low potency e.g.30c


Over production: Hyperthyroidism

The conventional treatment for this condition is to give Carbamizole or Felamizole anti-thyroid drugs until reasonable control of the condition is achieved and then remove or destroy the gland using radioactive iodine. These can have side affects but are necessary in many cases.
Try the following first but if this does not rapidly produce a response then you should consider surgical removal of the thyroid or at least most of it. Ideally look for a holistic veterinarian and as their advice.
Diet
As ever a natural diet will help. Few supplements seem to make much difference. Green vegetables in particular brassicas such as sprouts and brocolli given raw, liquidised can slow the thyroid gland's production try these if your cat will take them. Some report that kelp can be beneficial.
Homeopathic Remedies
Again a constitutional approach is the best. However many hyperthyroid cats fit well with the picture of Iodium: restless and hot with a large appetite and yet weight loss. If your companion fits this picture then try this remedy first a 6c dose given twice daily for 4 days will show you if it will help.
Thyroid gland 30c is also found useful when given daily
Herbal Remedies
Calm Spirit a Chinese herbal mixture can help.

Travel Sickness

This problem can be a form of motion sickness as in man or mainly due to nerves and anxiety.
Peppermint (Tea or Capsules) or Ginger can help settle a sensitive tummy for some animals; although getting a cat to take these can be a problem.

Bach Flower remedies
The remedies Aspen, Elm, Scleranthus, and Vervain mixed together can both help reduce the nausea and emotional upset of a journey and can more easily be given to cats.
Give 2 to 3 drops 2 hours before and at regular intervals throughout the journey.

Homeopathic Remedies:
For nausea or motion sickness the remedies most used are Cocculus 6c, Petroleum 6c, and Tabacum 6c,
We normally use a combination of these remedies given shortly before a journey to reduce nausea.
Aconite 30 or 200c given before the journey will allay most animal's fright and worry about a journey if they are not used to cars planes etc. Give 1 dose and hour or so before travelling and another just as you set off. This is usually enough to settle most animals.

Herbal Remedies
Ginger We supply a powder 'Travelrite' which is us ful for motion sickness. Its main ingredient is ginger root.

Pheromones
DAP Spray is very affective for many forms of travel sickness. It calms and settles the animal using pheromones to calm and relieve anxiety.

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